Electrolysis is the only form of epilation, or hair removal, classified by the FDA (United States Food and Drug Administration) as permanent. Electrolysis takes its name from the electro-chemical reaction at the core of the treatment. Its full name is Galvanic Electrolysis. The galvanic part comes from the original name for what we now know as a battery – a Galvanic Cell. These Galvanic Cells, or batteries, were used to power the original Electrolysis machines back in the 19th century.
Right up until the 1990s it had been a mystery why treatment with Galvanic Electrolysis proved to be permanent and far more effective than alternatives. Research in South Korea was finally able to provide an answer when they demonstrated that hair follicles with both the hair and root removed (i.e.: with the bottom third of the follicle removed) were able to regenerate new hairs from stem cells located in an area of the follicle called the bulge.
Unlike other methods of hair removal, Galvanic Electrolysis destroys the bulge as well as the hair and its root. Other methods will only achieve this when the hair happens to be in its growth phase. (only about 10% of hairs at any one time)
Firstly a conductive rod is held by the client to allow a circuit to be completed between the client and the machine.
The therapist slides a hair-thin metal probe into each targeted hair follicle. Contrary to the popular misconception, these probes are not needles. In fact, they are completely blunt in order to prevent puncturing the skin but, at just 0.05mm to 0.15mm in thickness, they are literally the size of a human hair and cannot be felt as they slide into the follicle alongside the target hair.
For several minutes, a tiny current is passed through the probe to convert moisture into lye. The probe is then removed along with the entire hair which will come out effortlessly.
Today’s galvanic electrolysis machines are highly automated and run up to 32 probes consecutively allowing a good clinician to successfully treat over 200 hairs per hour.